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20 Questions You Should Always Ask About Athens To
20 Questions You Should Always Ask About Athens To

The first Archaeological Museum of Thira santorini activities was established in the early 20th century to house the wealth of discovers uncovered at ancient Thira in the excavations that began in 1896.

Ancient Thira was the island's sole "urban" center beginning with the Spartan

colonization in the 9th c. BC up until the spread of Christianity. On display in the lobby of the museum are the collection's couple of ancient items. These come from the very first excavations of Akrotiri and the islet of Christiana, southwest of Santorini. They constitute an extremely little tasting of the prehistoric finds that have actually been found on the island.

The primary hall includes artifacts from the 8th through the fourth c. BC, exhibited chronologically. A collection of Geometric and Antiquated period pottery from the early cemetery, excavated in ancient Thira, is on view in the very first area of the hall. Cases display pottery, mainly amphorae, with geometric decoration from the "Thiran workshop". The characteristic feature of these amphorae is their thick rims and large necks. In addition to simply geometric patterns, the amphorae are likewise decorated with plant themes and birds. The rosette in the center of a metope is a common theme on the later pottery.

Of remarkable significance is the large Antiquated duration pithos container with relief decor, displayed in the center of the gallery. No other one like it has been discovered on Thira.

The neck of the vase has a representation of a swan and, on its body, winged horses draw chariots with riders. The torsos of the marble Kouroi are from the carne period and date from the late 7th c. BC. Their initial height should have gone beyond 2 meters, and they were probably utilized as serious markers given that they were discovered in the cemetery at ancient Thira. With their particular hairdo similar to Egyptian statues, they are extraordinary examples of so-called the Daidalus technique. Scholars attribute them to a workshop on Naxos.

One case displays yet another crucial find from the same duration - a clay figurine of a lady who appears to be grieving. The method which her torso, hairstyle, and facial functions are rendered is reminiscent of Egyptian art. In addition, the paint on the figurine remains in an outstanding state of preservation, even the information on the face, which is uncommon with clay figurines.

Following this are displays of ceramic finds from the sixth c. BC, primarily black-figure vases of Attic origin that were discovered in the cemetery at ancient Thira. Of particular interest is the black-Figure Attic amphora whose rim is engraved with the name of the deceased to whom the vase was committed. On one side of the vase is a depiction of Athena and Hercules riding a chariot, with Apollo and Artemis in the background.

The archeologist's pickaxe begun unearthing Santorini's amazing history in the mid-19th century, when the volcanic Thiran earth was excavated for usage in the building of the Suez Canal. It was then that the very first traces of an ancient settlement emerged. The very first buildings of the Prehistoric-era were found in 1866. French and German archeologists continued the research study. However, it was the Greek archeologist Spyridon Marinatos, a professor at the University of Athens, who performed the most crucial excavations.

These excavations, which began in 1967, were based on a strong theory that Marinatos first suggested in 1939. According to this theory, the eruption of the Santorini volcano happened in c. 1500 BC, burying an ancient city under lots of ash, while concurrently generating the collapse of the Minoan palaces in Crete.

A door at the end of the very first hall causes a yard including sculpture,

architectural fragments and big ceramic works from different periods. Amongst them are serious stelae with engravings, statues of Roman nobility, and big pithoi containers.